Thursday, August 27, 2020

“Originality in Italian Renaissance Architecture” Essay Example For Students

â€Å"Originality in Italian Renaissance Architecture† Essay The Chairman : This evening we are to hear Professor Cordingley, who involves the Chair of Architecture at the Manchester University, conversing with us on Originality in Italian Renaissance Architecture†. A large number of you realize that the old arrangement of preparing designers in England, that of pupilage, has been impressively supplanted by the educational system and that building schools have been set up in London and different urban areas here and there the nation. Two of these are in Lancashireâ€at Manchester and Liverpool. Liverpool has, for different reasons, come into the bar Ik eye preferably progressively over Manchester, however Manchester has consistently wouldn't be overawed by its ground-breaking neigh-bour and under Professor Dickie, and later under his replacement. Educator Cordingley, its school of engineering has built up a technique for planning somewhat normal for itself. It is a sort of plan which 1 would state is recognized by its innovation while not dismissing custom but then mixed with grant. Without more ado, I will call upon Professor Cordingley to convey his talk. The accompanying paper was then perused: The Renaissance of Architecture in Italy stretched out over in excess of 400 yearsâ€from 1420 to c. 1850. Selwyn Brinton, the organizer of the arrangement of talks of which this is the second, in his arrangement of volumes under the title of â€Å"The Art of the Renaissance†, receives grasping dates (1200-1800) which permit sensible space for the full pattern of the design indication of that Art. Significantly more regularly among students of history, the Renaissance in Architecture is held to have ended around 1600. The error is an issue which it is purposed here to inspect. Italian Renaissance Architecture has endured solitary hardships of between pretation over the most recent hundred years. Rugltin is generally to fault. To him the Renais-sance seemed a skeptical style, and one, in this manner, to be hated. Evident tasteful value of individual works once in a while constrained his hesitant appreciation, yet generally, he diligently overlooked the style or rankled it with a passing expression coincidental to his idolization of the â€Å"Christian† medieval expressions. H is perspectives, or perspectives like his, have shaded in decreasing, yet still significant, degree practically all assessments of the estimations of the style made up to late occasions. Along these lines, as perspectives currently stand, the prior and developmental periods of the style bend all around appreciated; the later stages stay in high unsavoriness, with the exception of in the example of a couple of acclaimed landmarks or among the more illuminated enquirers and scholars. The two phases are recognized by isolated terms, the â€Å"Renaissance† for the principal stage and the Baroque† for the second. Along these lines the part is made to show up as the entire; and this isn't inadvertent, for most authors on design circular segment making careful effort to demonstrate a high qualification between the two, observing a sharp difference in pattern and character at the intersection between them. The Renaissance, as indicated by these authors, did without a doubt end at an offered point, to be prevailing by another, related however unmistakably recognizable, authentic style. One, the â€Å"Renaissance† normally, is appeared starting at for the m ost part commendable Qualities; the other, the Baroque, as for the most part dis trustworthy and not rarely awful. The date set for the division between the two fluctuates extensively, however around 1580 is a typical decision. The sharp distinctionâ€a bogus one, it is planned to showâ€is made heaps of externa] character and impact, and the Renaissance is considered to keep going just insofar as antiquated Roman point of reference is followed in issues of embellishing subtlety. This is an excessively thin, and, under the exceptional conditions, temperamental a reason for a legitimate assessment. The typical chronicled sort of audit is a lot to be liked; however there is incomplete defense for the point of view in that the Renaissance draftsmen, similar to the Greek, themselves had received the tasteful target; similarly as, then again, the Romans and the medievals retained themselves exceptionally in useful, useful undertakings. Yet, an excessive amount of room is left for the ideas of taste and further conscious judgment depends too critically on exact attribution of the cause of the ornamental components utilized. There is no sort of uncertainty that the Renaissance drew impressively upon antiquated Rome for its supply of ornamental themes, however this reliance regularly is misrepresented and attributions of cause frequently are to blame. In archeological obliviousness at times, however deliberately at others, the Renaissance borrowings were from the Early Christian or Romanesque, very separated from the propagation of Italian medieval practices as the establishment of the Renaissance style. Too promptly it is underestimated that Renaissance exemplary is of the Roman kind. In some cases, lately, Renaissance footifs have been utilized inferential!)- , as proof of Roman design techniques, yet this is a most perilous continuing. As will be appeared, there was a lot of that was very unmistakable in the Renaissance use of the improving components. They didn't duplicate direct, yet adjusted and built up their own frameworks. They designed as well, and consolidated the old style, old and new, with themes got from different models of middle of the road times. A genuine assessment requires thought of the development in general, and the Baroque was a piece of that entirety. At the beginning of the Renaissance, and for long from that point, old Rome gave an improvement, however this didn't suffer at a similar force all through. Actually, during the Baroque stage, it was so slight as to be irrelevant. Renaissance character must not, subsequently, be estimated, in any sense, by the level of its reliance upon antiquated Roman design. This more likely than not been only accidental to it. It rose up out of that reliance and arrived at development as a style, adapted by conditions yet to be analyzed; however it is superfluous to choose at what specific point in its advancement it arrived at its best sesthctic articulation. Found in this l ight, the alleged â€Å"Renaissance† stage was a phase of experimentation and advancement, not, using any and all means, a development in itself. Rather, the summit, in the verifiable sense, lies in the Baroque stage. This is very unique in relation to the standard translation, which would speak to the beginning of the Baroque, around 1580, as a rebel against scholarly purism in the convey ment of the revered traditional components, which, it is stated, had come to be utilized with too fastidious and dangerous a convention. However it has never yet been appeared in what gathering of structures this specific sort of inflexibility exists. Nor are engineers instanced, however in some cases we are told, nearly at the same time, that Palladio (particularly) and Vignola were a definitive puristsâ€perhaps in light of the fact that they were creators of the most well known of the artistic codes on the utilization of the old style components but then that neither held carefully to his own precepu. They were, on the off chance that we aggravate the average however opposing statcm:nts made about them, archacologically-mindcd, hard headed know-it-alls and free-thinking, unique, creative rehearsing planners . That they were scholarly in composed hypothesis and liberated in their training isn't the clarification, for the all inclusive fame of their compositions is ascribed to the creativity of the thoughts communicated in them and the wellness of those thoughts for con-impermanent use. In any case, there is this unanimity in present day compositions; there was next to zero further reference made to antiquated Roman engineering, when the Baroque was completely under way. The freedom of the Baroque, all concede, was basically finished. The event to imagine a revolt† against exactness and the recognition of severe traditional precepts† emerges from the normal understanding of the course of the Renaissance up to that point as a customary movement towards the total recuperation of latin compositional standards and strategies. Lamentably for this dispute, it is famous that the antiquated Romans had low creative taste, and no superior to general guideline enlivening strategies. For accommodation of survey, the structural indications of the Renaissance need appropriate sub-division. The basic utilization of the term, in building hovers in any event, for a piece of the entire is to be lamented, however it would be much all the more confounding here to endeavor to substitute another one. One may acknowledge at that point, the Renaissance† as the antecedent of the â€Å"Baroque†, however not conceding a break of legitimate create ment between them. In Italy of these occasions, precise ordered region is considerably more than ordinarily impracticable, for the political severance among part and part occasioned advancements at different rates and the detailing of nearby schools with uniquely singular practices. The dates to be given here, at that point, are profoundly summed up, and are expressed in round figures. The Early Renaissance† (1420-1500) was trailed by the High Renais sance† (1500-1550). A phase of Transition† resulted (1550-1600), and presented the â€Å"High Baroque† (1600-1700) inside which lay the perfection of the style, at aboi^t 1650. The Late Baroque† (1700-1750), wherein there is a pattern towards the Rococo† (a lighter variant of the Baroque), may be taken as the conclusion of the Renaissance legitimate, since from that point the Italian is not, at this point a significant beginning source, yet reflects rather improvements occurring in France and nations somewhere else. The pattern of the development was not at that point, nonetheless, finished, as in Northern Europe and England a â€Å"Antiquarian† Phase of some multifaceted nature followed (1750-1800), to a great extent old style and tending progressively towards the Neo Grec†. The last mentioned, the Neo-Grec, may be grasped completely in the

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Dreyfus Affair Research Paper free essay sample

The Dreyfus Affair was a political embarrassment, which enraptured French society on various levels. The conviction of Jewish Artillery official, Alfred Dreyfus brought up numerous issues in regards to the intensity of the French War Office, and called to consideration the debasement inside the French lawful framework. The Affair partitioned France on a few levels, showing the varying political strategies for rustic and urban France, just as motivating discussion among Secularists and the Church, just as the Left and Right wings. The Affair prodded a â€Å"emergence of hostile to Semitic patriot politics† (Fitch 57) and drove the plan of a French Radical Right. This new isolated and factional France, the disassociation among urban and rustic culture showed by the Affair, too the wild enemy of Semitism lighted by the preliminary set up that the French were very ready to turn on each other, and exhibited that there was no genuine French solidarity, no genuine â€Å"French Nationalism. † Alfred Dreyfus was conceived October ninth in Mulhouse, France. He later moved to Alsace Lorrain, where he burned through the majority of his youth under the careless watch of his affluent dad. His family had to move to Paris when Germany Annexed the Alsace Lorrain Province in 1871. In 1877 Dreyfus entered the Ecole Polytechnique Military Academy at eighteen years old; graduating three years after the fact in 1880, he quickly joined the military, eventually accomplishing the position of commander in 1889, and was made partner executive to the polytechnical school. He was in the long run admitted to the prevalent war school, where he graduated ninth in his group, in the long run turning into a student at the military central command (Sinclair). A brief time after his permission to the military home office, Alfred Dreyfus was captured on a case of foul play drawn from his supposed composition of Bordereau: a report found in a wastebasket inside the Statistical Section of the German international safe haven; the area worried about counterintelligence. The archive laid out the aims of a military official, accepted to be Alfred Dreyfus, yet later end up being major the Count Ferdinand Walsin-Esterhazy, to offer military insider facts to the Germans. It was around this time Lieutenant Colonel du Paty de Clam, who made certain of Dreyfus’ blame, significantly subsequent to being told in any case by penmanship specialists, was appointed boss examiner of the case. De Clam was requested by his bosses to rapidly close the issue, bringing about military weight on the penmanship specialists to create results good for the Minister of War: the indicting side. De Clam’s success was joined by a number different commanders because of strict alliance, and their ensuing enemy of Semitic conclusions, or their distrustfulness of national security. On October fifteenth, de Clam had Dreyfus compose a correspondence, which, unbeknownst to Dreyfus, was to be utilized as proof against him. Happy with what he accepted to be implicating proof, de Clam captured Dreyfus on the spot, inconspicuously offering him the option of self destruction (Alfred Dreyfus Biography). Dreyfus was given a liable decision after a degenerate preliminary of problematic observers on the arraignment. The barrier was offered no declaration, no interrogation, and confronted a jury of minor officials prepared to accept that the expression of the Minister of War was outright. The preliminary principally comprised of criticizing Dreyfus, painting him as the â€Å"dirty Jew† generalization of the time (Mattar 144). The â€Å"Dirty Jew† generalization advanced from hostile to Semitic slants created during the Middle Ages, where the newly discovered intensity of Christianity constrained Jews to settle on change or demise. The generalization arrived at a high-point during the campaigns, where the Jews were assaulted, their gathering places consumed, and the general masses had to escape. From their movement into different countries built up the possibility that they were scroungers, transients, like rodents. The Jews were looked downward on as unclean, as they were not Christian, and hence not great, not â€Å"clean. † Dreyfus was condemned to life in jail on the Devil’s Island punitive settlement in the Caribbean, coming as an astonishment to both Dreyfus and his legal advisor, as they accepted he would be vindicated because of absence of proof. Inside the little hover keen on the preliminary, nobles and the urban people, it was accepted this discipline was unreasonably brutal: â€Å"Had a backstabber opened the fringe to the adversary and driven the German ruler directly to Notre-Dame† (Zola). On July first, 1895, Major Picquart turned into the leader of the French Statistical Section. Picquart’s enthusiasm for the case lead to his disclosure of manufactured case reports, planted by the previous Statistical Section’s head. He introduced this proof to the Minister of War, yet was disregarded, finishing up regardless of the proof introduced demonstrating Dreyfus’ blamelessness, no exertion would be made to overhaul his case and no offer would be made for a retrial. The War Office wished to maintain a strategic distance from a retrial, accepting that recognizing the honesty of Dreyfus would cause their own breakdown under open hatred. Considering the To be as a danger to this, Picquart was sent on various assignments, as a general rule risky, so as to quiet his supplications to retrial the guiltless Dreyfus (Sinclair). It was around this time a message sent by an outside force was captured by the Lieutenant Colonel, demonstrating Esterhazy’s blame and, along these lines, Dreyfus’ blamelessness. Many went to the resistance of Esterhazy, however plainly de Clam was at its core, â€Å"with his trademark products of his ripe imagination† (Zola). Given a retrial after the surfacing of the new proof, Dreyfus was again seen as blameworthy, his condemned decreased to 10 years due to â€Å"extenuating conditions. † This uncalled for discipline was met with the lack of care of the individuals, basically because of disassociation with political France or hostile to Semitic convictions. The War Office eventually settled on the court-martialing of Esterhazy so as to build up his guiltlessness and all the while affirm Dreyfus’. Esterhazy was collectively vindicated after just two days, and the reason for the Dreyfusards was conveyed a serious blow. A difference in government in June 1898 selected Godefroy Cavaignac, an ardent enemy of revisionist, as the Minister of War. Cavaignac requested an intensive examination of the mystery Dreyfus record, discovering three archives probably demonstrative of both Dreyfus and Esterhazy’s blame. Sadly for Cavaignac, one of the reports was seen as a fabrication, and on August 30th, colonel Henry, the culprit of the imitation, was captured. August 31st, Henry ended it all, Esterhazy fled to Belgium, and various Generals engaged with the concealment surrendered. Update of the preliminary was unavoidable, yet in the months paving the way to the preliminary, the military kept on opposing, sticking to the conviction that reality would just motivation inside breakdown. Dreyfus is acquitted on September nineteenth, however isn't reestablished his full position and his previous respect until 1906. The Dreyfus preliminary had various resonating impacts in the next long periods of the French political world. The Affair uncovered debasement inside both the military and the Church, pointing out the defects in the military pecking order when managing inner Affairs. The jury, made out of minor military officials, had been instructed dutifulness to the Ministry of War all through their professions, dispensing with the decency and fair they should convey into a preliminary. The Affair additionally exhibited the Church’s degenerate impact in the political world, as it was obvious Dreyfus’ religion assumed a huge job on his oppression and conviction. This lead to the brief going of a secularist bill in 1905, isolating Church and state. The Affair at last lead to a separated France-split because of religion, political connection, and riches (Fitch 59). All through the preliminary, there existed the possibility of hostile to Semitism, touched off by the Affair itself. In spite of his reasonable guiltlessness, it was as yet kept up that Dreyfus was inalienably liable, directed by the â€Å"Dirty Jew† generalization of the time. Dreyfus was just a substitute, an aggregate articulation of the counter Semitic slants widespread at that point: â€Å"He [Dreyfus] is the survivor of the startling creative mind of major du Paty de Clam, the strict circles encompassing him [the Church], and the ‘dirty Jew’ obsession† (Zola). This conspicuous cultural division showed the away from of solidarity among the French individuals. Regardless of distinguishing as French for a huge scope, they previously recognized themselves as adherents of the Church, as Christians, as enemies of Semites. The French were so ready to turn on an obviously blameless man and the other portion of the people who upheld him, on account of strict generalizations. This showed there was no genuine factor binding together the total of France, not close to as much as there were factional loyalties, which made up an isolated country. During the Affair and in the period tailing it, France existed as a nation, yet not a country. France existed as a spot on the guide, yet there was no evident â€Å"French† masses. The loyalties of the people groups were rather to their separate groups, made during the Affair. There were the Dreyfusards and the counter Dreyfusards during the Affair, and promptly tailing it were the Left and Right wings, just as the Church and the secularists. The Dreyfusards comprised of unmistakable nonconformists, Republicans, Socialists, enemies of ministers, and privileged people. On the rival side: the counter Dreyfusards were Royalists, enemies of Semites, warmongers, and those partnered with the Church. The Affair was a stunning accomplishment of solidarity as contradicting bunches had the option to meet up over comparable sentiments: the coalition betw

Friday, August 21, 2020

Essay Focus Samples - How to Use Them to Make Your Essay Better

Essay Focus Samples - How to Use Them to Make Your Essay BetterEssay focus samples are a great way to help get you through the writing process of your essay. There are three main types of focus samples that you can use, and if you choose the right ones you will find that they all have a specific purpose in helping you get your essay done.The first is the material sample. These material examples give you a short description of the material you will be using in your essay. This allows you to immediately see where your material is coming from, without having to go digging for it.The second type of focus sample is the idea sample. Here you write about the ideas you have to support your arguments. The best ideas will come from previous writing in your field, so this gives you an easy way to do this. This means that you can simply write down the reasons why the idea in your essay is relevant to your topic.The third type of focus sample is the tone sample. These are written by you to serve as the voice of your essay. They give you more control over the style of your essay, because they allow you to describe what your tone will be like. This is particularly useful if you are writing on your own, or if you are working with an editor to make certain you are capturing the tone of your essay correctly.When you look at these sample essays, you will quickly begin to notice that each one is different from the others. The focus sample allows you to see what kind of essay you will be working on, while the ideas and material samples to help you see the structure of your essay. The tone samples will give you a better understanding of the tone you are writing.All of these focus samples should be used in conjunction with each other. This is important if you want to be able to follow the structure of your essay. You should write an essay that makes sense, but if you can view all three examples as a work in progress you will find that you can make the most of each one.You can also gr oup them all together to make your essay more manageable. Each focus sample is going to give you a different look at your essay, but all of them will be grouped together so that you can easily see the different parts of your essay. This means that when you look at the details you will be able to see them as a whole, which will help you get the details out of your head and onto paper.All of these examples will give you an insight into how to structure your essay and how to use the essay focus samples as guides to making your essay better. If you find yourself struggling with your essays, then you should try using the three examples that I have mentioned in this article.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Red-Eyed Vireo Facts

Red-eyed vireos are part of class Aves and can be found across North and South America in mixed and deciduous forests. They are migratory birds that travel long distances throughout the year. Their species name, olivaceus, is Latin for olive-green, which describes their olive feathers. Vireos are known as incessant singers that move in the canopy of forests and gather food by hover-gleaning, where they hover momentarily near leaves and pick up insects. Fast Facts Scientific Name: Vireo olivaceusCommon Names: VireoOrder: PasseriformesBasic Animal Group: BirdSize: 5 - 6 inchesWeight: Approximately .5 to .6 ouncesLife Span: Up to 10 yearsDiet: Insects and berriesHabitat: Deciduous and mixed forestsPopulation: Estimated 180 millionConservation Status: Least ConcernFun Fact: Vireos are persistent singers, and they sing a series of robin-like phrases. Description Red-eyed vireo singing. mirceax / Getty Images Plus Vireos are small songbirds with 10 inch wingspans and 5 to 6 inch bodies. As adults, they have dark red irides and are olive-green on the nape, back, wings, and tail with a white breast, belly, and throat. Their bills and legs are dark gray or black, and their bills are large and hooked. As adolescents, they have brown irides and a yellow wash on their under tail and flanks that may extend into the wing. Habitat and Distribution Their habitat is deciduous and mixed forests across North and South America. Vireos are found in canopies of forests and near streams and river edges that support hardwood trees. In fall migrations, they reside in the Gulf Coast pine forests and feed in its dense undergrowth. Their winter range covers the Amazon basin, inhabiting areas up to 10,000 feet high. Diet and Behavior Vireos’ diet changes based on the season, but it consists of insects and berries. In the summer months, they feed mostly on insects, including caterpillars, moths, beetles, bees, ants, flies, cicadas, snails, and spiders. In late summer, they begin to eat more berries, including elderberry, blackberry, Virginia creeper, and sumac. By the fall and winter, they are almost entirely fruit eaters. Vireos are foragers and gather food by picking insects from the foliage and undersides of leaves in the canopy of the forest. Red-eyed vireos are migratory birds, performing two long distance migrations yearly between North and South America. During migrations, they travel in groups of up to 30 other vireos and may even travel with other species. They can spend most of their time in winter grounds in a mixed species group but become solitary during breeding season. Vireos are aggressive and have been known to chase or attack others of either sex. They are also a vocal species, with males singing up to 10,000 different songs in one day. Males sing songs that mark territory boundaries, and both sexes have a call that is used in aggressive encounters with other vireos or predators. Reproduction and Offspring Red-eyed vireo perched on nest under canopy of green leaves in wooded uplands, New York. USA. Johann Schumacher / Getty Images Plus Breeding season occurs from mid-April to August. Both sexes reach sexual maturity in less than one year. Males arrive at the breeding grounds in mid-March up to May to establish territories to pair with females once they arrive. Once the females arrive up to 15 days later, males sway their bodies and heads side to side, and then both birds vibrate their wings simultaneously. Males have been known to chase down potential mates, even pinning them to the ground. Once the male has found a partner, the female builds a cup-shaped nest out of grass, twigs, roots, spiderwebs, pine needles, and occasionally animal hair. She then lays between three and five white, spotted eggs, each just 0.9 inches in size. Occasionally, females lay their eggs under a second layer of nesting to deter the parasitization of cowbirds. The incubation period is 11 to 15 days. Once they hatch, these young are born helpless, with eyes closed and pinkish orange skin. They are fed by both parents until they leave the nest 10 to 12 days later. Conservation Status Red-eyed vireos are designated as Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Their population was determined to be increasing, with an estimated population of 180 million across North and South America. Sources Kaufman, Kenn. Red-Eyed Vireo. Audubon, Red-Eyed Vireo. IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species, 2016, Vireo. National Geographic, 2019, Vireo Life History. All About Birds,, Rachelle. Vireo Olivaceus (Red-Eyed Vireo). Animal Diversity Web, 2011,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Treaty Of Paris Of 1898 - 1119 Words

An anonymous solider, while stationed in the Philippines after the Spanish-American War, once said, â€Å"I don’t believe the people of the U.S. understand the condition of things here†¦I have seen enough to almost make me ashamed to call myself an American† (Miller). The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was an agreement made that involved Spain renouncing nearly all of its remaining empire, freeing Cuba, as well as ceding Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. This marked the beginning of the U.S. as an imperialist nation, which resulted in a new war against rebel insurgencies in the Philippines and the death of over 4,200 American and over 20,000 Filipino combatants (State Gov). The American colonial project brought forward a controversial debate on whether America can remain true to its founding ideals and still have an empire. This debate still continues today in regards to the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan. This essay argues that the United Sta te’s imperial conquest for these pacific islands fails to honor its founding ideals; instead, it brought tragedy to both indigenous peoples and the American army and mocks everything the nation stands for. Upon his farewell address, George Washington warned the nation to stay uninvolved in European alliances and wars. Between this time and the Spanish-American War, the United States heeded this warning and had very few interactions with the European powers. The main link the US had to other countries was economic,Show MoreRelatedThe Treaty Of Paris Of 1898899 Words   |  4 PagesSpanish-American ended in 1898 the United States colonized them. Moreover, the United States took over Spain’s territories when the Treaty of Paris was drawn at end the war. Although, it may have seem as if the United States was helping those colonized nations it was just a smoke screen for them to extend their control and power just like Europe did. It is why Puerto Rico suffers because the Constitution prevents them from being truly American. The Treaty of Paris of 1898 clearly states in ArticleRead MoreTaking a Look at the Philippine Revolution880 Words   |  4 Pages The Philippine Revolution began in 1896 and ended in 1898. Before the start of the revolution, Spain was in control of the Philippines for more that three and a half centuries . During Spanish rule, there was a period of tyranny, misconduct and abuses of the Friars and the Civil and Military Administration exhausted the patience of the natives and caused them to make a desperate effort to shake off the unbearable galling yoke on August 26, 1896, then commencing the revolution in the provincesRead MoreEssay on The Cause And Effect Of The Spanish American War953 Words   |  4 PagesAmerican imperialism in 1898 was not a sudden abandonment of anti-colonial tradition but was a logical extension of commercial expansion, something the US had been doing throughout its history (SparkNotes: The Spanish American War, 1898-1901,: Effects of the Treaty). Presiden t McKinley was not interested in wars of conquest or of territorial aggression. His interest in expansion was to make the United States first in international commerce and as a means to implement its humanitarian and democraticRead MoreSPANISH WAR1105 Words   |  5 Pagesconsequences, and impact of the event or person upon American history. Use correct spelling, grammar, and punctuation in your report. On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. As a result Spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire -- Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, Guam, and other islands.Read More The Colonization of the Philippines Essays1415 Words   |  6 PagesStates colonized because it took the Philippines by military force for its own interests, â€Å"exerted political control† over the Philippines, and failed to provide equal rights to Filipinos. Although the Philippines was liberated from the Spanish in 1898, it soon found itself struggling to remain free from the United States. Aguinaldo, a rebel leader in the Philippines, desperately tried to establish a republic, however, in 1899 a three-year war broke out between Aguinaldo’s guerrilla army and theRead MoreTo What Extent Was the Spanish-American War a Turning Point in the Development of American Foreign Policy?1224 Words   |  5 PagesTp what extent was the Spanish-American War a turning point in the development of American foreign policy? The Spanish-American War of 1898 could be seen as the pivotal point in foreign policy as it marks America’s first engagement with a foreign enemy in the dawning age of modern warfare however, one could also argue that the idea had always existed in American politics. Until the end of the nineteenth century, American foreign policy essentially followed the guidelines laid down by GeorgeRead MoreColonization Or Imperialism Is Done By Treaties Or Agreements?1652 Words   |  7 Pagesthat conquers who conquered other lands had the right to take possession of that land, its riches, resources and even the people in order to achieve their own political agenda. Today the concept has changed, colonization or imperialism is done by treaties or agreements, they are acts in which governments negotiate with a less powerful country, they lead them to believe that their colonization will be for the better of their country when in reality they have their own political agenda, so maybe theRead MoreThe Imperial Republic1299 Words   |  6 Pagessince 1868 until in 1895 Cubans rose up in a violent attack against the Spanish and under General Valeriano Weyler the Spanish crushed the Cubans. The US stepped in but President Cleveland proclaimed America was neutral in this dispute. On February 15 1898 the attacking of The USS Maine in the Havana Harbor broke US neutrality and in April the splendid little war began. IX. General Valeriano Weyler Sent into Cuba by the Spanish to crush the Cuban rebels. Since the Cubans fought in Guerrilla tacticsRead MoreGuantanamo Bay1444 Words   |  6 Pagesforce, before they could attack Santiago by land. Following the Seven Years’ War, Spain is given back Cuba, for the exchange of Florida, on July 6, 1763. On April 25, 1898 United States declares war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine, in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. In June 1898, the United States fleet attacking Santiago retreated to Guantanamo’s harbor to ride out the hurricane season that year. The Marines made the landing, with naval support, but had toRead MoreThe Spanish American War in 18981256 Words   |  5 Pages The quote A Splendid little war by Secretary of State John Hay summarizes the Spanish American War in 1898. While this war could be seen as an act of aggression by the 20th century standards this war was beneficial to the United States of America while being deviating to the Kingdom of Spain for many reasons. There were many causes for the Spanish American War. The first long term cause was the Wilson Gordon Tariff. This tariff ultimately decreased tariff rates for may Europeans nations excluding

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Marketing Research

Question: Define what is marketing research. Explain the process of marketing research. Answer: Marketing research is the practice that connects producers and consumers of goods and services to the marketers. It facilitates the collection, evaluation, and analysis of information relating to marketing, which enables marketers to identify opportunities and threats within a niche (Franses and Paap, 2001). The purpose of the process is to assess the influence of the marketing mix on consumer behavior. The marketing research process can be broken down into six steps. They include: the identification and definition of a need within a market, the development of an approach to address the need, development of a research framework, the collection of data, analysis, and the reporting of the research findings (Smith and Albaum, 2012). According to Halford and Boyland (2013, p. 182) advertising of predominantly unhealthy food stuffs influences consumption choices of children in the UK and other developed nations. The Hastening Report and other studies conducted in these countries demonstrate that marketing research is not a reserve of businesses seeking to increase sales. Marketing influences consumption, which is a cause for concern for health ministries and non-governmental organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO), because consumption of unhealthy food stuffs leads to obesity. Marketing research serves as a link between marketing variables, business environment, and buyers. The finding in the reports reviewed in the article reveal a correlation between marketing, consumption of unhealthy foods, and childhood obesity. To mitigate the prevalence of childhood obesity within populations, governments are creating legislation aimed at limiting the airing of food adverts during child-specific programmi ng. Although legislation has had limited success in reducing the prevalence of obesity, the article demonstrates the importance of research in policy formulation (Halford and Boyland, 2013). References List Franses, P. and Paap, R. (2001). Quantitative models in marketing research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Halford, J. and Boyland, E. (2013). The marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children. Setting the research agenda. Appetite, 62, pp.182-184. Smith, S. and Albaum, G. (2012). Basic Marketing Research: Volume 1 Handbook for Research Professionals. Provo: Qualtrics Labs, Inc.